by Gravitate Design
When talking to a roofing company, one of the first questions you are asked is what type of roof you have. One of the major factors to that question is the type of material from which your roof is made. Here are several of the most common options.
Asphalt shingles are one of the most commonly used types of materials on roofs. Asphalt shingles are known for their durability, variety of colors, and affordability. Asphalt shingles can last for longer than 20 years and can adapt to most climates. However, UV rays can cause asphalt shingles to fade and crack, and the shingles are susceptible to moisture damage and leaks.
Like asphalt shingles, wood shingles are praised for their variety. Available in many colors, textures, and sizes, wood shingles give a building a rustic appearance. Wood shingles are also some of the best insulators, are energy efficient, and environmentally friendly. However, wood shingles create a roof that often requires a higher degree of maintenance and can be plagued by mold, rot, and mildew.
The benefits of clay tiles include that fact that they are good insulators, fire resistant, and impervious to mold, insects, and rot. Clay tiles generally have a long life (with a warranty that can last up to 50 years) but are susceptible to breaking if something falls on them. Clay tiles give a home a more European or Mediterranean look, though their weight often requires extra structural support.
Slate is a material that is used for both tile and shingles. Durable enough to last more than 30 years, slate is also fire resistant, insect repellant, and rot resistant. Like clay tiles, the heaviness of slate usually requires additional structural support.
Though a wide variety of metals have been used throughout history, modern commercial buildings usually uses steel and aluminum. Metal is appreciated for its low maintenance quality, as well as its durability, fire resistance, and energy efficiency.
Choosing the right shingle for your home or building is an investment. It is an investment into the aesthetic value of your home, but more importantly, it is an important factor in protecting your home and everything in it from the volatile weather elements.
A 3-tab shingle is the most basic shingle available. A typical 3-tab shingle is a flat, 2-dimensional mat, made of fiberglass, that is coated in asphalt and covered in ceramic granules to create different color blends. They don’t look as nice as architectural shingles, because they are 2-dimensional, while architectural shingles are 3-dimensional.
3-tab shingles are lower in quality; they will blow off a lot sooner than other economical options, which makes these shingles a more costly maintenance item in the long run. Many people are surprised to learn that 3-tab shingle are actually similar in price to their higher quality competitor, architectural shingles. The average homeowner saves only about $100 overall when installing 3-tab shingles on their roof.
Part of the reason for this is that it is easier to install an architectural shingle properly. Although it is more difficult to install a 3-tab shingle, they have less holding power as the nails penetrate only one thickness of shingle compared to the architectural shingle which has a double thickness or laminate at the nail line.
For these reasons, we have decided not to install 3-tab shingles unless half of the house is already done in 3-tab and we need to complete the second half. We always make sure that homeowners are aware of the potential problems.
CertainTeed 3-tab vs architectural in Weathered Wood
Architectural Shingles are heavier than traditional roofing materials, without the need of added roof support. They consist of a thick, heavy mat made of fiberglass or organic materials, then coated on the underside with a special material, with the top layer covered in colored granules. Because of the 3-dimensional nature of these shingles, manufacturers can create intricate color blends that will better compliment your color pallet.
If you are selling your house, architectural shingles are usually the best option. An economical architectural shingle will increase your homes curb appeal by a large amount, making it worth more than just the $100 more you will spend vs. a 3-tab shingle.
To give a bit of a history on the evolution of these shingles, a shingle that held a 25 year warranty a decade ago soon increased to hold a 30 year limited warranty without any increase in quality. Recently, and again without any quality increase, these same shingles have moved from a 30 year warranty to a lifetime limited warranty. One brand even decreased the amount of asphalt in their shingle as they increased their warranty period.
Basically, this means that these shingles that were initially 30 year shingles will still last essentially 30 years. If there is a manufacturing defect that causes them to wear out, the manufacturer will cover the costs of the shingles, but not the labor required to replace them (unless an upgrade warranty is purchased at the time of application). Keep this in mind as you select an architectural shingle.
Here is a guide to the expected life of the shingles we offer:
For more information on the individual shingles we carry, select a shingle below:
CertainTeed targets Landmark, Landmark Pro and Landmark TL’s as the main staples for the future. Landmark 40 is now known as Landmark Pro. Landmark Premium is predicted to disappear and be replaced by a lighter Landmark TL.
Designer shingles are asphalt shingles constructed to mimic real slate or wood shake shingles. They are very thick and heavy, with an elegant and intricate look. These shingles are about double the cost of architectural shingles. They typically cost about $3,000 more to install on an average house. However, they cost less to install than real slate or shake shingles.
These shingles look best on steep sloped roofs, where you can actually see the shingle and the pattern well. On a lower sloped roof, you end up only seeing the butt-end of the shingle which can be unattractive and disappointing.
If you like the look of designer shingles enough to spend the extra money, it is a great way to go because they are stout and last longer. Because they are so heavy, they can withstand winds up to 100-130 mph. Their thickness, proportions and natural color blends can give your home a perfect touch, increasing your curb appeal by up to 40%. People who invest are typically very happy with the end results.
We feature the following designer shingles:
Slate, Wood Shakes Clay and Concrete Tiles have all been used successfully as roofing products for many years. These can be a beautiful addition to your home. These roofs have a majestic, authentic air, and in some cases they are much more durable. However, these roofing materials are very expensive and may not be right for every home.
Slate roofs are the most versatile natural roofing material. GAF offers a slate roofing material that is thinner and lighter for your home, although it still offers the protection and look of traditional slate roofs. These roofs are very expensive, but are known to last for hundreds of years.
Clay and concrete tile roofs are very durable, but are also very heavy. Typically, it is best to plan to install these roofing materials as you are building the home, so extra support can be built into the roof structure. Tile roofs are popular in warm, dry areas because of their energy efficient properties.
Wood shake roofs have a look that some people love and some people don’t care much for. This is a very traditional roofing choice, dating back hundreds of years. The problem with wood shakes is that they require vigorous and consistent upkeep and typically are installed without a warranty period. Most authentic wood shake roofs last 25-30 years.
Brady Roofing can help you choose the right shingle for your home and situation. We offer a variety of shingle options and are generally willing to install other brands or materials you may be interested in. Contact us today for a free estimate, or browse our shingle selections.Share This:
by Dymon Brady
When installing a new roof, it can be a challenge to choose the perfect color of shingles. When faced with the vast array of color choices available, it is important to remember that the color of your shingles will serve several functions aside from matching a color pallet or aesthetic value. It is important to keep these options in mind as you search for the perfect color for your new roof.
One important function the color of your shingles will serve is temperature control. The color of your roof can affect your attic temperature by up to 40 degrees. If you use this knowledge to your advantage, you can lower your energy bill significantly, reducing the need for heating or air conditioning.
White or light grey shingles will naturally reflect sunlight, keeping your home cooler. There are also several specially designed ‘cool’ shingles available in more common colors such as browns and tans. See our Cool Roofing post for more information.
Dark shingles are a great asset in cold weather. Not only do they attract sunlight, increasing the temperature of your home, but they will warm snow and ice on your roof, preventing ice dams and snow buildup. Black shingles are the most efficient at warming your home, but any dark shingle color should have a similar effect.
If you look closely at a shingle sample, you can see that a shingle that appears to be a dark grey may actually be comprised of grey, black, blue and green granules. To select a complimentary shingle that will look good on your home, select a color blend that contains the color of your masonry, siding or trim. This will help to pull your home together, while helping your roof to stand out as well.
Dark color blends can be used on homes with light trim to provide interesting contrast. On the other hand, light color blends can help to simplify harsh angles and lines, making your home appear larger. Determine what effect you would like your roof to have on the appearance of your home in general.
Once you have decided on a few colors to pick from, be sure to ask your roofing contractor for a shingle sample from each option. When choosing a color, hold up the sample next to your siding or masonry. If it clashes, eliminate that shingle color from your options. Compare the remaining samples to your trim color. Again, eliminate colors that don’t work together with your home. You should be left with just a few, beautiful colors to pick from.
Brady Roofing can help you through this decision making process personally. We are willing to answer any questions or address any concerns you might have. Contact us today for a free estimate.Share This:
This article will assume your roof to be made of wood decking. (The roof deck is what your waterproofing material attaches or adheres to.) To fully understand the process in determining the wood replacement needs, lets look at what can happen in the following situations.
There are three types of wood roof decks:
Tongue and Grove
Plywood or OSB sheething
Tongue and Grove
This is usually 2×6 with a “tongue” formed on one edge of the board that fits snugly into the “grove” in the board adjacent to it. It is a challenge to replace this type as it is not readily available at most lumber yards. You will likely need more than basic Home Improvement skills to do this type of wood replacement. It may be best to hire a contractor to help with this task.
This type of roof deck is very stout and durable. The only time it needs to be repaired is generally when it has had extensive exposure to moisture.
Plywood or OSB Sheething
If your house was built since the late to mid 70’s, you probably have Plywood or Oriented Strand Board (OSB) also falsely called Wafer Board. Builders started using plywood when it was invented because of its longevity and strength against splitting. OSB became popular in the late 80’s to early 90’s and is now used almost exclusively by builders. It is strong and durable, but costs less than plywood.
Plywood or OSB needs to be replaced when it is:
-Broken from either a defect in the plywood (sometimes it can break where one of the ply’s have a knot) or just too much pin point pressure.
-Water damaged and rotted or delaminated.
-Too thin. If the plywood thickness is less than ½” or the OSB less than 7/16”, it is going to be weak with the roof rafters spaced the standard 2’ on center.
Plank sheething (usually 1×6 or 1×8) was used as a roof deck before plywood. In the first half of the 20th Century, roofs in Utah were built with wood shingles over planks spaced about 1 ½” apart. Wood Shingle are expensive so when these roofs need to be torn off and replaced, it is cheaper to resheath the entire roof and go over it with asphalt shingles than to go over with new wood shingles.
It is very important to examine this type of deck carefully. Splits can form in the planks, and they WILL get longer from the heat in the attic. Knots in the planks can cause it to break after the roof is done so if it looks iffy, it is best to replace it. Sometimes it is just best to resheet it to give you the best deck for your new roof. If the planks are more than ¼” apart, it may be best to resheet the roof.
Keep in mind that besides supporting the foot traffic, and snow load that is inherent with almost any roof, the purpose of the roof deck is to hold the fasteners that secure the roof. If the wood is compromised, it may not be able to give the nails or screws enough holding power to allow the roof to last it’s full potential life span.
It is possible to put on a lifetime roof, and only get a decade or so out of it. You should consult with a contractor if you have any questions whether the roof deck is adequate or not. Brady Roofing has been in the Roofing industry for 15 years and is known in the Salt Lake City as a leader in innovation and quality. If you are located in Utah, Contact Brady Roofing for a Roof Evaluation or look us up at bradyroofing.net.Share This:
When home or building owners are in the market for a new roof, one of the first questions they ask is “Do I need to tear off my old roof, or can I just roof over it?” It can be a difficult question to answer because while it is possible to roof over a single existing layer of shingles, it is always a better idea to tear the old shingles off and install a completely new roof.
Up until the year 2000, it was legal to install up to 3 layers of shingles on a single roof. However, Utah’s building codes changed, and now the building codes allow only two roofing layers on a single roof.
It is easily assumed that the more layers you have on a roof, the more protection you have, but that is not exactly true. It is always better to tear off the entire roof: the underlayment, the shingles, and the flashings.
Even if your current shingles are ideal for installing a second layer, the new shingles will not line up to your current shingles. It creates an apron, essentially preventing the new shingles from sealing well. This can result in shingles blowing off easily in lower winds. Also, if you look at the roof from the ground, it will be visible that the shingles do not line up.
You may choose that you would still like to roof over your existing shingles to save money. It costs about half the price to roof over existing shingles. However, there are several requirements your roof should meet to make this decision viable.
First, has your roof been leaking? Chances are that the underlayment (a waterproof material installed just under your shingles) is leaking. The underlayment is very important because it can keep water out even when your shingles don’t. If your roof is leaking, you should definitely tear off your existing roof and install a new one with the underlayment done correctly.
Another factor is the condition of your current shingles. Are they laying flat on your roof? If the shingles are curling or bumpy, it would be difficult for the new shingles to lay down properly and thereby the sealer strip (a strip of tar that seals the shingles down) will not hold the shingles together in windy conditions. When this happens, the shingles will be prone to blowing off in patches with moderate winds, year after year. This could result in the roof’s life being greatly diminished.
In the event you have two layers, it is important to avoid the temptation to take off the top layer and go over the bottom layer. Aside from the fact that this is against Utah’s Uniform Building Code, you will not have a smooth surface to go over with the top layer. If you can imagine all the nails from the top layer that are left behind, you can envision the problems that occur when nails are pounded down, or pulled. Either way, the asphalt shingles in the bottom layer get pretty chewed up!
When a new roof is put on any structure, it is best to replace the flashings as well. Flashings help the shingles seal to the pipes, walls and other roof penetrations in areas that leak most often. During a re-roof it is common for the roofing contractor to seal to the old flashings. Sometimes, these old flashings are not as sound as new ones would be, and they tear off, causing problems for the building owner.
Simply put, the best option when reroofing, is to remove the first layer and start over. The pro’s are:
1. The roof deck (usually plywood or 1x slats) can be inspected for damaged wood that needs to be replaced for strength as well as giving the new roof system’s nails plenty of holding power.
2. You can make sure the underlayment is done correctly, giving the roof a longer life.
3. The shingles will seal down correctly, allowing the sealer strip to hold the shingles together during winds up to 110 miles per hour.
Even if your roof meets all of these requirements, a tear off and re-roof will always have better and longer lasting results. What seems like a lot of extra money spent on a re-roof will actually end up saving you even more money in the long run. Brady Roofing is a professional roofing company that will ensure your roof is installed correctly, resulting in less work for you as the building or home owner. Contact us today for a free estimate, or visit our website at www.bradyroofing.net for more information.Share This:
By Dymon Brady
The search for a shingle with high aesthetic value often ends with wood shakes and shingles. Installing wood on your home can bring a unique and beautiful look to your roof. Since wood grains naturally differ, no two wood shake roofs are the same. Though there have been imitation wood shake shingles made from asphalt shingles, these shingles will never successfully duplicate the smooth quality of natural wood shakes.
Wood shingles are also an environmentally conscious choice, as they are a renewable resource. Not only this, but the natural choice of the wood on your roof will be more energy efficient than asphalt shingles, because they help to keep your attic cooler.
However, there are also downsides to installing wood shakes on your roof. Wood is not as durable as asphalt shingles, yet they can cost around twice as much. Wood is susceptible to termite damage, rotting and scum. To install a wood shake roof means a commitment of regular, vigorous cleaning of both the roof, the gutters, and the surrounding areas such as trees and any source of debris.
In the end, the choice comes down to what is important to you as a home owner. If you do choose to install wood shakes on your roof or home, you should be aware of the maintenance and care process.
First, be sure to select a wood that is high in durability. Redwood and cedar are both known for their weather-resistant qualities. These woods have a high level of natural oils that preserve the wood. If you choose to go with another wood choice, be sure that it has been factory treated with a preservative. These factory treatments force the preservative deep into the wood with high pressure. Wood that has been factory treated is usually under warranty.
Once you have your wood shakes installed, be sure to keep them clean. Trim any trees surrounding your home to prevent pine needles, leaves or twigs from piling up on your roof. Keeping your roof free of debris will lengthen it’s life. Also, be sure to clean your gutters and downspouts twice a year to avoid any buildup on your roof.
Many manufacturers recommend that your roof be power-washed at least once a year to open the pores in the wood before applying a preservative. However, it has been shown that inexperienced power-washing can actually cause damage to your roof. If you choose to power-wash your roof, carefully select a professional with a reputation for good customer satisfaction.
Never power-wash your roof without applying a topical treatment afterwards. When choosing a contractor to clean and treat your roof, choose one who offers topical treatments that are:
EPA registered wood preservative
Is labeled as an appropriate product for your type of wood shake.
You may find these details in a MSDS (material safety data sheet). Do not allow any contractor to apply a topical treatment to your roof that is:
A water sealant
Containing unfortified linseed oil
Containing diesel fuel
Containing crank case oil
Any of these ingredients can actually trap moisture inside of your roof, under the pretext of keeping moisture out. Water will run underneath the shingles or shakes and have no way to escape. This results in your shingles curling, then finally becoming brittle and cracking.
Applying the correct topical treatments, as well as keeping your roof clean and clear, will help lengthen the life of your wood shake roof. Consequently, just taking these few steps every year can save you a lot of money in re-roofing costs.
However, even if you successfully perform all of the maintenance required on your roof, do not expect it to last as long as asphalt shingles will. In the end, though wood shakes have a vast number of qualities, they are not as durable as other roofing materials. It is up to you whether a beautiful wood shake roof is worth the work for you and your home.
Brady Roofing offers wood shake shingles as well as a number of imitation wood shakes comprised of asphalt shingles. We can help you to choose a roofing material that is right for you and your home. Browse through our shingle options, or contact us today for a free estimate on your home.Share This:
By Dymon Brady
When considering whether to install a snow retention system on your roof, you may first want to consider what type of roof you have. Will your roof allow snow to slide? In places with heavy snows, like areas in Utah, it is common for snow to slide from certain types of roof systems causing heavy ice and snow build up to sit in gutters, which causes damage over time. If you have a metal, tile, slate or Membrane roof with a pitch of 1/12 or greater, snow may slide off and cause this problem. Gutters will either hold the heavy snow, or they will fall, creating costly repairs.
More often than not, when a customer wants a metal roof, they are excited about the idea of snow sliding off. But after the first few snow storms, these customers see the down side to snow sliding off and piling up on the ground. There are four main downsides to this occurrence:
1. The first is safety. People commonly under estimate the weight of a couple cubic yards of snow. And if it is mixed with ice at the eaves as is usually the case, it can cause serious injury and even death if it lands on someone.
2. The second is if snow that is fluffy while on the roof, falls ten feet and lands on the ground, it packs in and becomes very hard and dense. It takes a steel shovel and even a pick in some cases to get it moved off a drive or walk way.
3. The obstacle that snow sliding off a metal roof can cause is damage to common roof penetrations and gutter systems. Plumbing and Heating ventilation pipes can bend over from the sliding snow. The weight of snow will drop gutter systems.
4. The fourth is the thunderous sound it makes when it lands, and damaged landscape and railings that go with it. I had a customer tell me she thought her house was collapsing as the 300 lb block of snow fell from the roof onto her deck. This happened at night so you can imagine the adrenaline she woke up with! We have a cabin that we let the snow slide off of and it damaged a log railing system, requiring a roof peppered with snow retention clips just to keep the snow from landing on the railings.
To prevent this, you can simply put snow retention clips on your pitched roof above the gutter and throughout the problem area to keep snow on the roof and to keep it from sliding. For example, you may want more retention clips in areas above a patio, walk way, or driveway to prevent large amounts of snow from falling and damaging the property or even worse, causing serious injury to pedestrians below. It can be safer for your roof, your gutters, and the area around your home if your snow is allowed to thaw instead of evacuate your roof by avalanche. There are 3 main types of snow retention systems for metal and tile roofs:
All three choices are effective at keeping snow on your roof. However, snow fences are probably the best choice for a metal panel roof. For a standing seam metal roof, snow clamps are usually the recommended choice. For tile or slate roofing systems, you may want to choose snow brackets as a retention system.
For TPO roofs, even with a low slope of 1/12, it is recommended to install a snow retention system in areas with moderate to heavy snowfall. If the snow is allowed to flow with the slope of the roof, it could build up in one area, causing damage to your roof and drainage system. However, snow clips and fences are not usually as effective because TPO membrane is a flat roof system. This means that, without proper precautions, the moisture could sit around the fasteners that hold the snow fences on and cause leaks. The best course of action in this situation is to install clad metal on the TPO roof to hold the snow. Brady Roofing is able to fabricate this metal in shop, as well as install and seal it properly on your TPO roof.
My advice when designing building a roof system is simply this: Check with building code requirements in your area to find out the snow load, have the roof design reviewed by a residential structural engineer, then keep the snow on the roof using the proper method. Shingled roofs generally don’t have an issue with snow sliding. If you are looking at a smooth surface roof system, and you have a visible slope, you will want to consult with a roofing contractor to see the best method for keeping the snow on the roof.
For more information on snow retention systems, or for a free estimate, contact us today.Share This:
By Dymon Brady
If you are in the market for a cool roof to save yourself money in energy bills and do your part in helping the environment, there are many options out there for you. Here are just a few of the many products that are likely to grant you the best energy savings possible, while offering the greatest protection for your home or building.
If you own a flat roof, you are provided with convenient energy saving resources. Flat roofing membranes, unlike tar and gravel roofs, are reflective and are designed to save you energy and money. A flat roof membrane’s high reflectivity will help to reduce the amount of energy required to cool a building and keep it cool throughout the hottest points of the year. This decreased amount of energy consumption causes a lower amount of pollution to be generated back into the atmosphere and directly contributes to a cooler and cleaner environment, all while you save a little money. Just two roofing membranes that are energy efficient include:
TPO is an extremely reflective roofing membrane. Versico’s TPO membranes carry the Energy Star rating, and succeeded in exceeding the guidelines to meet that rating. TPO is solar reflective and has a thermal emittance level of .8 to .9, depending on the color. Versico’s TPO is also listed as a CRRC (Cool Roof Rating Council) certified product. This TPO is also 100% recyclable, as well as made from safe materials that do not harm the environment. If you are looking for a roof that will naturally cut down your energy bill, and also succeed in helping the environment, TPO is for you.
EPDM is a truly sustainable product. It is diverse enough to fit the needs of virtually all of the different climates and building structures. For example, if a membrane is not thick enough in a cold climate zone, it will almost immediately result in higher energy output and costs for the property owner. However, EPDM is able to work with different climates to create an energy efficient roof for you an any location. Though EPDM lacks the reflectivity of TPO, it makes up for it in thermal performance. In fact, a recent study performed by the Department of Energy and the EPDM Roofing Association showed that ballast and paver systems (such as EPDM roofing) can save as much energy as a reflective or “cool” roofs, especially in colder climates.
Even pitched roofs are following the global trend of installing energy efficient building products. Since most pitched roofs are residential, they have the potential to save your family from spending money on unnecessary energy bills, while still helping your house look good. They also qualify for a tax credit of up to $1500. Two examples of these cool shingles are:
Owens Corning has introduced the Duration Cool Series shingle in hopes of reducing attic temperatures, and thus reducing energy costs and usage. They are designed with a greater reflectance than traditional shingles that helps to minimize the amount of heat leaking from your roof into your home. What I really like about these shingles is that they are designed to look like traditional shingle colors, instead of an obvious grey or green. These qualify for a energy tax credit and will save you additional money throughout each year.
Certainteed Roofing has also come out with a ‘cool’ shingle: Landmark Solaris. This shingle contains advanced color granules that reflect the sun. This succeeds in reducing the overall roof temperature by up to 20% in the summer, saving you money and energy. Landmark Solaris is rated by the Cool Roof Rating Council, qualifies for credits and points in LEED, NAHB, and other green programs, and meets the ENERGY STAR standards for solar reflectance and thermal emission. However, perhaps the best feature of this shingle is it’s beauty. It doesn’t look like a cool shingle, but rather it is a beautiful architectural shingle that would look great on any home.